Essay on Modern India in English at

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Essay on Modern India in English at

Essay in very simple language with the boundaries of different words here. Here you can find Essay on Modern India in English language for 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 or IAS, IPS Banking and other competitive exams


1 - Essay on Modern India

More than half a century has passed since independence from British rule in 1947. But what we have lost or found in so many years, let's assess it. In the last 63 years, poverty has decreased in India but still 25 percent of people are living in a very pitiable state. Apart from hunger, they have to face basic amenities, health related services and lack of jobs. The situation of middle-class families is not particularly different. Business of wealthy And domination has increased. But this family is only 20 percent of the total population of the country.

After independence, we have made a lot of progress in basic industries, agriculture, textile and textile, traffic and telecommunications. In the matter of food grains, we are self-sufficient. Have happened. We are producing all kinds of goods and services in the country. As a result, our economy has become one of the five major economies of the world. Petroleum | In the field of materials we are partly dependent on foreign sources. Apart from this, our economy has been in sync with the world's open market system. India is now exchanging exchanges of rupees in front of international currencies. Our exports and imports are also increasing. But in the international trade, the deficit is going on as a whole, because the import data is more than the export figure.

There has been progress in our country on social and economic levels. But the youth main route. Wandered from cinemas, interns, drugs and free life have become victims of diseases. Some students determine the goals of their lives and are also successful. Are. Increasing business has increased the productivity and number of industries. But the number of unemployed has also increased.

Degradation of moral values ​​had started in India in the seventies. Now all of us have been dyed in the colors of western civilization. Foreign clothes, languages ​​and eating habits look modern. We do not remember the donation of our ancestors, and discos, drinking, intoxication, fast life and mutual confusion have become an integral part of our lives. Most of us have lost our national character, which has led to increase in corruption and corruption in the society. Today the boat of our ethics, virtue, ideal and humanity is ready to be trapped in the mediocre.

India's reputation has increased internationally. Our feelings, desires and Activities are respected all over the world. Relate with Kashmir problem and China. There are issues which in spite of India facing some difficulties. Overall, in 62 years of independence of India, we have made progress. But more. Progress is needed so that India can become the world's leading nation.


2 - Essay on the contribution of students in the reform of modern India !

In the era of absolute age, Indians did not have any right to advance themselves. Students of that time used to get jobs according to the wishes of the British government; But the circumstances in independent India have changed.

Therefore, the responsibilities of the students have also changed. The future of any country depends on the students of that country. At present, India's renovation work has begun. The sum of the students is essential and important in this work.

Current era is the era of science and meaning. Scientific and economic advancement is essential for India. This statement of any scholar is true that India is a rich country, where poor live. This means that there is abundance of natural resources here, but those resources have not been utilized. Indians can be rich when they are properly utilized.

In independent India, the work of using the said resources has started, whose ultimate success is dependent on students' cooperation. Agricultural reform, industry, traffic, scientific research work are happening; The factories are becoming; Electricity production is increasing.

Laboratories are being built for nuclear power; The resources of the security are being mobilized; Efforts are being made to strengthen friendships with foreigners. Only then will the welfare of the country be achieved when the students are engaged in loyalty and integrity in the above works.

Similarly, changes in social and religious areas also need change. In the reform of social evils, not to blindly imitate the basic characteristics of Indian religion and culture. The truth is that only students in social and religious areas can make changes.

Today, political beliefs are also changing at a rapid pace. One thought is supporting the democratic sentiment in which the person's important place is. The second ideology gives importance to a society more than a person. This is called 'Communism'. It imagines classless society.

3 - Essay on Modernization in India

1. Dr. S. C. Dubey's thoughts:

Tradition and modernity in India exist as contradictions. Traditions have proven to be obstacles in development plans. Ethnicity and communalism have created obstacles in the national perspective. The ancient beliefs of purity and profaneity are being obstructed in the path of secularism.

Religion and religious rites and rituals are obstacles in the development of discrimination. The positions provided and earned have not been able to synergize. If tradition wants the given positions, modernity verifies the earned positions. If the modernity seeks neutrality then the tradition wants emotionalism.

The principle of action like the ancient principles of Hindus, the principle of life cycle, the principle of separation, subjugation, purity-perception of profanity, men's primacy and fame etc. have prevented modernization. Today, India is trapped in the dilemma of tradition and modernity.

There is a duel in front of him to which extent he left the tradition and to what extent he adopted modernism. 80 percent of the people who live in villages are conservative. On the other hand, the villages are not completely untouched by modernity, traffic, rail, motor, road, communication, radio, newspapers, education, administration, community schemes etc. have given the promotion of modernization process there. Physical and cultural changes are happening in the villages and new values, relationships and aspirations are also flourishing.

At present, the winds of change have begun in villages, we can not call them stable and root. The social system of the villages was based on brother-feed, caste and locality. It was associated with family, race and caste, now its appearance has changed. Individualism in the family is emerging, whereas the first collectivism was given importance.

Now on the basis of gender, age and relation, the rights of the Joint Family members have changed on the basis of merit, experience and knowledge based on gender identity. The importance of women in the family has increased. In the field of caste, there has been a change in the notion of marriage, business elaboration, work and purity, although the notion of inter-marriage is still firm.

There is a movement to reduce the untouchability among the castes and opportunities for the mobilization of different castes in the cities are large. In villages, there have been changes in the practice of business and business. There have been inter-state agreements in politics. Minority upper castes have power and power.

At the same time, they are inclined in front of the pressure of the majority of the lower caste and have made agreement with them. The inter-distance distance of the castes has decreased. Castes are getting organized in new forms and their local, provincial and national organizations are formed. There have been changes in the field of religious belief too. Belief in ritualism and fatalism has diminished and atheism is large.

New education system, new economy, administration, community development plan, urbanization, industrialization, traffic and communication, press, newspaper and new social and religious movements have kept the above mentioned changes.

2. Dr. Yogesh Atal's thoughts:

According to Dr. Atal, tradition and modernity are going on in India simultaneously. Due to new education and new business, people come to the cities and there are changes in their family system. Local distance has not extended the family distance and members meet on the occasion of marriage, festivals, births, deaths and holidays, whether the central family may spend the wedding, but the names of elderly people of the paternal family on the marriage invitation card are kept. Taxes have also changed the structure of the family.

Due to income tax, the accounts of the shops run under the name of different members. They divide the house and the land. Circumstances of home and office are different. Along with the new dress, with the new costume, people also put modernity on the peg and wear dhoti and eat it.

This is mentioned by André Bette in his book 'Caste, Class and Power'. Women are conventional at home, on the other hand, modern cosmetics such as gas stove, use of pressure cooker, wearing slippers, standing pots, cooking in parties and hotels, job of women, use of words like parents, use of English language And the aspirations of love-marriage reveal a mixed form of modernity and modernity.

3. Ideas of Rudolph and Rudolph:

According to Rudolph and Rudolph, the British laid the foundation of modernization in India, they gave India the new economy and political unity. Press and new education system gave birth to new educated classes in India. New techniques, the means of irrigation and current facilities of traffic have brought about a revolution in agriculture.

The isolation and inertia of the villages have ended by roads. Rail traffic has given rise to industries, which bring many changes in the system of society based on traditional caste system. On one side, the caste kept the ancient rural system and on the other hand the democracy too.

In India, the relationship between politics and caste is seen in three forms:

(i) Outdoor mobility:

In this, high caste and influential people take the support of the lower castes in the name of traditional loyalty and economy.

(ii) horizontal mobility:

Under the horizontal mobility, each caste has formed its own ethnic groups and has encouraged the social, economic and political interests of its members. The leadership of new ethnic organizations is in the hands of the new and educated generation, which is born with democratic ideas and is a combination of traditional and modern features.

(iii) Differential mobility:

Under the discriminatory mobility, political parties pray directly to the voters to get the majority either directly or indirectly. For this, they also resort to caste. While electing candidates, political parties also take into account the ethnicity of the region.

Rudolph also mentioned the modernization of law and justice system in India. The rule of law and present judiciary is the responsibility of the British to India. For the first time in the British era, the entire India was administered by the same type of law and justice system. In the time of the British, only child marriage, widow remarriage, women's property rights, succession and sati-system prevailed law, which gave the conventional arrangement to modern system.

Symptoms of Modernization in Modern India:

(a) Rise of new sections:

In Indian society, new classes, especially the middle class and the special category, have been born. Due to modern facilities, the people of upper castes first did not take advantage of business facilities, but due to their appointment to posts like bureaucrats and technical experts, they were able to keep their traditional power strong. Yet this new medium and special category has played an important role in advancing the Indian society.

(b) Politicalization of the public:

Today, politicization of various sections of Indian society is being done very rapidly and it is taking significant changes in village caste and religion. Panchayats and national and national level elections are being strengthened by modern values ​​of democracy and political parties are also playing an important role in the politics of the public.

(c) Increase in education and mobility:

Conventional approaches and prohibitions related to attaining education are ending and education has expanded and social mobility has increased. Education facilities have increased self-esteem among the lower castes and have got more opportunities to move forward.

(d) Industrialization:

In Indian society, industrialization has also been intensely. In fact, modernization is possible only if there is economic development at the national level. Today India is the tenth country in terms of industrialization.

(e) Urbanization:

Modernization has also encouraged the process of urbanization because it has not only expired traditional businesses, but also has the potential for mobility and job opportunities, as most of the industries are open only in urban areas, hence the rural people get jobs in the cities. The probabilities have increased.

(f) Globalization:

Modernization is related to the logical and scientific approach, so it has also provided considerable support in the promotion of secularization or secularization in Indian society. Today India is a temporal state.

(g) Planned Social Change:

The aim of modernization is to help the country progress in the way of developed countries by bringing economic prosperity and political stability. Therefore, it has encouraged the planned social change so that we can achieve our goals through timely schemes.

(h) Increase in problems:

Along with the good results of modernization, it has a second side. This has created many problems in our society. For example, there has been an increase in individualism and the institutions of joint family and marriage are affected by this. In the new hope and demands developed in the public, the dissatisfaction with the present situation has increased. Struggling in new and traditional beliefs has also helped in increasing mental stress and dissonance. Author Manisha Dubey JhaDear Reader, My name is Manisha Dubey Jha. I have been blogging for 3 years and through the Fast I have been giving important educational content as far as possible to the reader. Hope you like everyone, please share your classmate too. As a literature person, I am very passionate about reading and participating in my thoughts on paper. So what is better than adopting writing as a profession? With over three years of experience in the given area, I am making an online reputation for my clients. If any mistakes or wrong in the article, please suggest us @ [email protected]

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